В нашем организме есть орган, о котором многие не знают. Располагается он в кишечнике и весит около килограм…
SCIENCE IN A MINUTE
[SOUND OF THE TICKING CLOCK]
We all know about such organs as
heart, liver, kidneys.
But we also have one organ
that is unknown to many.
It can be found in the bowel
and its weight is about 1 kg.
This organ is called microbiome.
It's a combination of all microorganisms
living in the bowel.
There are more than
10000 species of them.
These 10000 species contain
a great number of genes
and that is 1000 times more than
a number of genes a human has.
These tens of millions genes encode
an even bigger number of proteins.
A huge part of those proteins
is enzymes.
Enzymes boost chemical reactions
which run in our bodies.
It means that this microbe factory
can overhaul anything
and can produce almost
any chemical compound.
Research shows
that by influencing the microbiome
we can tune many functions
of our system –
from digestion
to higher nervous activity.
These days we are only studying
this unique world,
but it is already clear
that our health depends
on the kind of the microorganisms
that dwell in us.
Some say that microbiome can influence
the longevity
and life quality at the advanced age.
Some companies in the world
already offer their services
in transplantation of microorganisms
from young donors
to elderly recipients.
Will such people live longer and better?
We will see.
Stay safe.
SCIENCE IN A MINUTE
IKBFU
Translated by VICTORIA MYASNIKOVA

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