Vedic Cosmology: Why so many believe the Earth is Flat? The explanation is quite fascinating
A quick search on YouTube or practically any other platform will reveal several videos, articles, podcasts, etc. from flat earthers. Not only they produce a lot of …
A quick search on YouTube or practically any
other platform will reveal several videos,
articles, podcasts, etc. from flat earthers.
Not only they produce a lot of content, but
many can be quite forceful about their opinions.
In western societies, the first one to accurately
measure the Earth's circumference was the
Greek astronomer Eratosthenes, more than 2000
By measuring the differences in the direction
of the sun in the nearby cities of Alexandria
and Syene, he concluded that the Earth’s
circumference was 42,000 km, very close to
Similarly, other simple experiments made by
different astronomers and philosophers of
antiquity successfully confirmed that the
earth we live in is indeed a globe, without
mentioning more recent information.
This is also confirmed in the Vedas.
The Surya Siddhanta gives the diameter of
the earth, as well as the diameters and orbits
of different planets.
Similarly, the Srimad Bhagavatam (SB 5.21.8-9)
states that night prevails diametrically opposite
to a point where it is day and, likewise,
the sun sets at a point opposite where it
rises, hinting to the fact that the Earth
is a globe.
The Vedas state that not only the Earth but
other planets of our Universe are spheres
floating in space, and indeed that’s something
we can confirm with our senses.
Anyone who goes high enough in the sky can
see the curvature of the planet.
Therefore, we can say that according to our
sense perception, our planet, as well as other
planets are global spheres.
However, the Vedas also gives another view
of the Universe, and that’s actually what
is behind the flat earth theory.
The Puranas, including the Srimad Bhagavatam,
describe a complex Universe, composed of multiple
dimensions, interplanetary pathways, and other
features that are quite far out.
According to them, not only reality is much
more complex than we can perceive with our
senses, but different beings have different
sets of senses and can perceive the Universe
in different ways.
Just like the conception of reality of a human
is much more evolved than the concept of reality
of an ant, superior beings perceive the Universe
in a very different way than we do.
Being able to travel on the subtle dimension,
using vimanas and interplanetary pathways,
these higher beings see the Universe as something
much more accessible, with places in different
planets being very close to each other.
To understand how this could be possible,
we could use a simple example: imagine two
tall buildings built beside each other.
Normally, to go from an apartment on the top
of the first building to another on the top
of the second, one would have to go all the
way down and then all the way up, which could
be a long way.
If he had access to a walkway between the
two buildings, he could go from one apartment
to the other very easily.
For him, the distance between the two apartments
would be very short, while for other people,
that had to take the long way, it would still
be very far.
This same concept is also contemplated in
the theory of wormholes from modern physics.
Another concept given in the Puranas is the
idea of a subtle vertical dimension.
More than just a change in geographical location,
to access higher planets one has to also change
his consciousness, which can be done only
by practicing a spiritual process of self-realization.
According to our tridimensional view of reality,
the moon is situated at about 384,000 km from
earth, and one can reach it in about three
days in a space probe.
If one goes there, however, he will find only
dust and rocks.
The Puranas however, state that the moon is
actually a celestial planet, with a standard
of living much superior to our planet.
To access it, however, one has to develop
a very subtle consciousness, similar to the
superior beings who live there.
Without this change in consciousness, one
may go to the moon, but he will see only rocks.
In this connection, another example can be
Let’s presume someone wants to visit an
office in a prestigious building.
He takes a taxi and goes to the address.
He went to the right place in the horizontal
dimension, but now he has to use the stairs
or the elevator to also travel in the vertical
If his credentials don’t allow him to enter
the building, he will be stuck in the street.
Similarly, when a human being goes to the
moon, he will not be able to travel in the
subtle vertical dimension and will thus be
stuck in the gross dimension, where there
is only dust and rocks.
The Puranas states that the celestial moon
is actually pretty far from the Earth in the
subtle vertical dimension, even further away
than the other planets of our solar system.
To reach there, one has to radically change
his level of consciousness.
Not only there are different levels according
to one’s consciousness, but there are also
different perceptions of reality according
to the set of senses one has.
Different beings, with different sets of senses,
can perceive reality in radically different
This can also be explained with a simple example.
In the same room, we can have access to radio
signals in different frequencies, like AM,
FM, TV, 3G, 4G, Wi-Fi, etc. the signal in
each frequency carries a different set of
information, and they are all available simultaneously,
without interfering with each other.
However, the signal one has access to depends
on the device he is using.
One who is using an old radio will be able
to capture only sound, while others with a
television will be able to also see images.
One with a phone, on the other hand, will
have access to the Internet, which includes
much more content, including the radio and
Similarly, our universe is composed of different
dimensions and we can syntonize in each one
according to the particular set of senses
we got, which is in turn determined by our
Therefore, the process to access the celestial
moon involves not only changing one’s consciousness
and thus traveling in the subtle vertical
dimension but also acquiring a particular
set of senses.
In the past, this was an art understood by
yogis, who were able to travel thru the Universe
by elevating their consciousness and transferring
it to the desired planet.
What all of this have to do with flat earthers?
The point is that the description of the universe
given in the Puranas can be easily misunderstood
as a description of a flat earth.
In this description, different intermediary
planets (like ours) are grouped together in
a flat plane called Bhu-mandala, which resembles
the orbits of the planets of our solar system,
while the higher planets float above, and
the lower realms lie bellow.
This hierarchical description of the Universe
given in the Puranas matches the sense perception
of higher beings.
They can easily go from one planet to the
other and for them, everything is connected.
In fact, the Vedas describe that subtle passages
in the Himalayas connect our planet to the
celestial realms, and persons who are sufficiently
qualified can use them to travel through the
Universe, just like the Pandavas in the Mahabharata.
However, for one who doesn’t have the appropriate
consciousness, the passages remain invisible,
and he can only go from India to China or
One who doesn’t understand all these sophisticated
concepts gets the impression that the Puranas
describe a flat earth.
The Vedas also explains that before the beginning
of Kali-yuga, our present age, different peoples
of antiquity were part of a global Vedic culture,
and thus had access to the same knowledge.
This explains how different groups had a similar
view of the universe, from the Chinese to
the American Indians, including practically
everyone in between.
However, with the passage of time, the most
advanced concepts were forgotten, and these
different civilizations became stuck with
a flat earth concept.
This concept ended being described also in
the Bible and in the Quran, leading to the
modern flat-earth theories.
Flat earthers are thus actually not totally
wrong, the problem is that they base their
beliefs in impoverished incomplete descriptions
of the Vedic Cosmos, failing to understand
it’s higher aspects.
The modern view of the cosmos is purely based
on our sense perception, which leads to a
mechanistic view of the Universe that discards
all the subtle and spiritual aspects.
Many people instinctively disagree with this
materialistic explanation and start looking
for a more holistic view of the cosmos, that
accounts for the subtle dimensions they can
understand and sometimes even perceive.
It’s not a wonder thus that there is a growing
interest in Vedic Cosmology.
Even here in this channel, the most viewed
videos are the ones on this topic.
The Vedas offer a much more complete view
of the Universe, which accounts for both gross
and subtle aspects and allows for the expansion
of our consciousness.
By meditating in the subtle aspects of the
Universe described in the Vedas, one can gradually
elevate his consciousness and attain the same
level of awareness as higher beings.
Conversely, the materialistic view of the
universe offered by modern science offers
one a dead universe, that leads only to the
stagnation of one's consciousness.
The fact that our planet is a globe also illustrates
another concept given in the Vedas.
We think we are imprisoned on this planet
because of the law of gravity, but actually,
we are prisoners of our own consciousness.
One who tries to access higher realms by mechanical
means will not be able to go anywhere, just
like a person who tries to escape our planet
by walking will just come back to the same
place after circumambulating the globe.
He may go to mars or venus, but without changing
his consciousness he will remain stuck in
this gross dimension and will not be able
to find anything interesting there.
Real freedom is thus connected with the expansion
of one’s own consciousness.
Without a change in consciousness, one may
go anywhere in the cosmos, but he will remain